Behold the Highest-Paid C.E.O.s
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Paying (a lot) for performance
Six of the 10 largest executive pay packages of all time were awarded last year. This and other findings come from a new survey of the 200 highest paid C.E.O.s at public companies conducted for The Times by Equilar, a consulting firm. “Even in a gilded age for executive pay, 2020 was a blowout year,” writes The Times’s Peter Eavis.
The spike is due in large part to linking C.E.O.s’ pay to stock prices. This “pay-for-performance” structure is intended to align managers’ incentives with those of the company’s owners, the shareholders. But it also raises questions about how much credit executives deserve for rising stock prices, and whether the performance conditions attached to stock awards are suitably tough. C.E.O. pay jumped 14.1 percent last year, while the median worker got a 1.9 percent raise.
C.E.O.s in the survey received 274 times the pay of the median employee at their companies, up from 245 times in the previous year. Around two-thirds of companies with the largest pay packages had wider gaps between executive and employee pay after the pandemic.
“Say on pay” votes give shareholders a way to weigh in on compensation. Only around 2 percent of these nonbinding votes have historically gone against management, with recent high-profile rebukes coming at Starbucks and G.E. So far this year, votes against pay packages are on the rise, although these still tend to come in well below 50 percent disapproval.
“In tough times, it often makes sense to reward excellent leadership, even when optimum company performance may not be achievable,” said Equilar’s Dan Marcec about the initial batch of say-on-pay votes this year. “In a year mired in economic challenges and future uncertainty, this disconnect may be on further display.”
Eight C.E.O.s received pay packages last year worth more than $100 million. In 2019, only one chief executive’s pay package crossed that threshold. The top three earners all oversaw companies that went public last year. They are:
Alex Karp of Palantir, with $1.1 billion in compensation.
Tony Xu of DoorDash, with $414 million.
Eric Wu of Opendoor, with $370 million.
For more charts and details about executive pay packages, read the full article.
HERE’S WHAT’S HAPPENING
A bipartisan group of senators announced a compromise infrastructure deal. Five Democrats and five Republicans put together a package worth $1.2 trillion over eight years. It would address a narrower range of physical infrastructure than the plan proposed by the White House, and avoid raising taxes to pay for it (though details on this point are scarce).
The F.D.A. extends the shelf life of J.&J.’s vaccine. The regulator gave the company six more weeks to use up its supply, before millions of doses were set to possibly go to waste. State officials said the federal decision to pause its use in April on concerns about rare blood clots led to sagging demand for the single-dose vaccine.
Investors shrug off high inflation numbers. Consumer prices rose at their fastest pace since 2008, more than economists expected. But one-third of the increase in the latest data, for May, was due to a surge in prices for used cars, a sign that the spike in inflation may be a result of supply chain bottlenecks and other temporary factors. The S&P 500 closed at a record high and bonds showed few signs of distress. Stock futures are up again today.
The F.B.I. urges companies not to pay ransoms to hackers. Christopher Wray, the F.B.I.’s director, said at a congressional hearing that companies infected with ransomware should quickly contact law enforcement to find other ways to respond. Victims paid nearly $350 million in ransoms last year, emboldening hackers to take on more high-profile targets this year, like the meat producer JBS and the Colonial Pipeline operator.
Regulators weigh the risk of banks holding Bitcoin. In both good and bad news for supporters of cryptocurrency, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision proposed a risk-management framework for crypto assets on bank balance sheets. That establishes digital tokens as a recognized asset class, bringing them more into the mainstream, but the suggested risk weight, 1,250 percent, would make capital requirements for holding crypto onerous.
Didi Chuxing unveils its I.P.O.
The Chinese ride-hailing giant Didi Chuxing published its I.P.O. documents yesterday, giving the first peek inside a company valued at $56 billion a few years ago. The planned New York listing could be the world’s biggest I.P.O. this year, with sources telling Reuters that the company may raise $10 billion at a valuation of $100 billion. The offering comes as many city dwellers emerge from pandemic lockdowns and return to their ride-hailing ways.
Daily Business Briefing
Sales and profit fell last year. Didi’s revenue fell 8 percent last year, to $21.6 billion, as passenger numbers slid during the pandemic. It lost $1.6 billion for the year, and like most ride-hailing companies, Didi has historically been unprofitable even during better economic times. It reported a profit of $30 million in the first quarter of this year, although some of that came from gains on spinoffs and divestitures.
It wants to grow globally. Didi operates in 15 countries, including Brazil and Mexico, and has built a dominant position in China, where it bought Uber’s operations after a few years of competing with it. “What we have learned and built is relevant across the globe — in Latin America, Russia, South Africa or anywhere where affordable, safe and convenient mobility is valuable,” Didi wrote in its prospectus.
“I don’t feel like a guinea pig. I feel like a pioneer.”
— Michelle Lewis of Orange County, Calif., on her honeymoon aboard the first cruise ship to set sail from a North American port since the pandemic began.
Though it was billed as the continent’s first fully vaccinated cruise, two passengers on the Royal Caribbean ship nonetheless tested positive for the coronavirus yesterday. They are asymptomatic and in isolation, with the seven-day cruise set to return to St. Maarten tomorrow. Cruise lines are preparing to restart operations from U.S. ports this summer.
These precedented times
Dealing with the fallout from a deadly, destabilizing pandemic left many executives struggling for words. When they tried to describe the challenge to investors, especially during the early days of the outbreak, they often turned to the same descriptor: “unprecedented.”
As economies reopen and conditions become more, well, precedented, the chatter among executives, analysts and investors is changing as well. Mentions of “unprecedented” events are less prevalent than they were a year ago and are often references to something in the past. “We’re now comparing to the unprecedented growth we saw a year ago,” said Jim Jaye of Sherwin-Williams at an investor event this week.
Company presentations with “unprecedented” mentions
THE SPEED READ
Artisan Partners is pushing back against Bill Ackman’s plan to buy a stake in Universal Music Group via his SPAC, echoing objections from some other investors in the music label that the plan isn’t tax efficient. (Bloomberg)
Klarna, the Swedish payments giant, raised $639 million from investors like SoftBank’s Vision Fund, at a $46 billion valuation. (Reuters)
Selfridges, the high-end British department store chain, has reportedly been put up for sale by its controlling family for an estimated 4 billion pounds, or $5.7 billion. (FT)
Politics and policy
Foreign crime syndicates may have stolen a large share of the extra unemployment benefits the U.S. has paid in the past year. (Axios)
The Small Business Administration effectively ousted the leaders of a $16 billion relief effort for live-events businesses after 14,000 firms applied for grants but only 90 were awarded. (NYT)
BlackRock won approval in China to become the first global asset manager with a wholly owned onshore mutual fund business in the country. (Reuters)
Amazon reportedly faces a $425 million fine in the E.U. under the bloc’s privacy laws. (WSJ)
Netflix launched an e-commerce site, selling merchandise linked to hit shows. (NYT)
Hackers broke into the systems of Electronic Arts and stole source code used in the companies’ video games. (NYT)
Best of the rest
The inside story of how one man sent Subway, the world’s biggest fast-food chain, into a tailspin. (Insider)
How to run a feminist company. (Quartz)
“‘We’re Going to Publish.’ An Oral History of the Pentagon Papers” (NYT, highly recommended)
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