India’s Tata Sons to Buy Air India for $2.4 Billion

NEW DELHI—India’s Tata Sons is buying the country’s national carrier Air India, returning the airline to its founders and ending a decadeslong struggle by the government to unload the money-losing venture.

Tata Sons, a holding company for India’s biggest conglomerate, is paying 180 billion rupees, equivalent to about $2.4 billion, to buy a 100% stake in the airline, according to a government statement Friday. The deal includes the budget arm Air India Express and a 50% stake in an airport-services joint venture with Singapore’s


S58 0.97%

The sale is a boost to Prime Minister

Narendra Modi’s

efforts to push through market-oriented changes and reinvigorate the economy by selling stakes in debt-laden state-run companies.

“This is the first privatization in more than fifteen years,”

Arvind Panagariya,

a former top economist with the Modi government, tweeted Friday. “Hope it paves the way for more.”

The Indian government has tried for years to find a buyer for Air India, which is saddled with about $8.2 billion in debt and costs the government nearly $3 million a day to run, according to officials.

In 2018, the government found no takers when it tried to sell off a 76% stake. Then last year, New Delhi sweetened the deal by offering its entire stake in Air India and lowering the amount of debt that would be passed to the new owner.

Tata has agreed to take on about $2 billion in debt and pay about $400 million in cash, according to

Tuhin Kanta Pandey,

the top official at the Department of Investment and Public Asset management. The government will assume the remaining debt.

Airline industry experts say the Indian market is poised for expansion after Covid-19 travel restrictions loosen. Over the past decade, airlines have seen passenger traffic grow by about 10% a year, said Suprio Banerjee, a sector head and vice president at ratings company


Mr. Banerjee said rising incomes, better airport infrastructure and booming tourist demand have all lifted the airline sector.

Tata operates two airlines in India: the full-service Vistara, in a venture with

Singapore Airlines,

and the budget carrier


India, in partnership with Malaysia’s AirAsia Group.

The deal will return the airline to the Tata group nearly 90 years after it was founded as Tata Airlines in 1932. The government nationalized the airline in 1953, and it began suffering heavy losses after a bumpy merger in 2007 with another state-run carrier, Indian Airlines.

Ratan Tata, the chairman emeritus of Tata Sons, nodded to the historical return of the airline on Friday by tweeting a photo of the company’s former chairman, J.R.D. Tata, standing on a tarmac in front of an Air India plane and a row of flight attendants in colorful saris.

The Tata family, he said, had big plans to restore Air India to its days as “one of the most prestigious airlines in the world.”

“Welcome back, Air India!” he tweeted.

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Appeared in the October 9, 2021, print edition as ‘Tata to Buy Air India In $2.4 Billion Deal.’

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