adplus-dvertising

Newly developed compound may enable sustainable, cost-effective, large-scale energy storage

Aqueous redox flow battery. Credit: Liwen Wang, South China University of Technology

To produce a cost-effective redox flow battery, researchers based at the South China University of Technology have synthesized a molecular compound that serves as a low-cost electrolyte, enabling a stable flow battery that retains 99.98% capacity per cycle. They published their approach on August 14 in the Energy Material Advances.

Comprising two tanks of opposing liquid electrolytes, the battery pumps the positive and negative liquids along a membrane separator sandwiched between electrodes, facilitating ion exchanges to produce energy. Significant work has been dedicated to developing the negative electrolyte liquid, while the positive electrolyte liquid has received less attention, according to corresponding author Zhenxing Liang, professor in the Key Laboratory of Fuel Cell Technology of Guangdong Province, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology.

“Aqueous redox flow batteries can realize the stable electrical output for using unsteady solar and wind energy, and they have been recognized as a promising large-scale energy storage technology,” Liang said. “Electroactive organic merit of element abundance, low cost and flexible molecular control over the electrochemical features for both positive and negative electrolytes are regarded as key to developing next-generation redox flow batteries.”

Liang and his team focused on TEMPO, a chemical compound with easily reversed oxidation states and high potential for energy, a desired quality in positive electrolytes.

“However, TEMPO cannot be directly applied to aqueous redox flow batteries due to the high hydrophobicity of the molecular skeleton,” Liang said, explaining that TEMPO, left unmodified, will not dissolve in the liquid needed to facilitate the energy exchange in the flow batteries. “We developed a strategy to functionalize TEMPO with viologen, an organic compound that has highly reversible redox reactions, to improve TEMPO’s hydrophilicity.”

According to Liang, viologen is highly soluble in water, which increases TEMPO’s ability to dissolve in water. Viologen also chemically withdraws electrons from atomic partners, which elevates its potential to change its oxidative state. Viologen is also a salt, which endows TEMPO with what Liang calls “a decent conductivity” in an aqueous solution.

When the synthesized viologen-modified TEMPO was tested in a flow battery, the researchers found that the battery retained capacity of 99.98% per cycle, meaning the battery could hold nearly all its stored energy when not in active use.

“This work overcomes the disadvantages of TEMPO by viologen-functionalization and realizes its application in aqueous redox flow battery,” Liang said. “The molecular design concept provides a strategy for novel organic electroactive materials and lays a foundation for the application of aqueous organic flow battery.”

Other contributors include Shuzhi Hu, Liwen Wang, Xianzhi Yuan, Zhipeng Xiang, Mingbao Huange, Peng Luo, Yufeng Liu and Zhiyong Fu, all with the Key Laboratory of Fuel Cell Technology of Guangdong Province, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology. Hu is also affiliated with the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University.


Hybrid redox-flow battery with a long cycle life


More information:
Shuzhi Hu et al, Viologen-Decorated TEMPO for Neutral Aqueous Organic Redox Flow Batteries, Energy Material Advances (2021). DOI: 10.34133/2021/9795237

Provided by
Beijing Institute of Technology Press Co., Ltd

Citation:
Newly developed compound may enable sustainable, cost-effective, large-scale energy storage (2021, November 12)
retrieved 12 November 2021
from https://techxplore.com/news/2021-11-newly-compound-enable-sustainable-cost-effective.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no
part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Stay connected with us on social media platform for instant update click here to join our  Twitter, & Facebook

We are now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@TechiUpdate) and stay updated with the latest Technology headlines.

For all the latest Technology News Click Here 

 For the latest news and updates, follow us on Google News

Read original article here

Denial of responsibility! TechiLive.in is an automatic aggregator around the global media. All the content are available free on Internet. We have just arranged it in one platform for educational purpose only. In each content, the hyperlink to the primary source is specified. All trademarks belong to their rightful owners, all materials to their authors. If you are the owner of the content and do not want us to publish your materials on our website, please contact us by email – [email protected]. The content will be deleted within 24 hours.